Public Transportation in Argentina can now be paid with BTC | Shelter Crypto | Shelter Humanity | Charity Token Homeless | Charity Coin
BTC can be used to load the national contactless smartcard that is used for paying public transport throughout Argentina. According to the Argentine government’s website, these cards can be used for travel on buses, trains and subways in 37 cities including Buenos Aires.
BTC can be used to top up sube cards
According to local news outlet, cripto247, users of Sube (Sistema Unico de Boleto Electronico), can fund their rechargeable contactless smartcard with Bitcoin. They will be able to use it in 37 cities across Argentina from Thursday.
Public Transportation in Argentina can now be paid with BTC in Shelter Humanity
These cards are promoted and used by the Argentine Secretary for Transportation to pay for public transport services in Argentina. The government website explains that they are valid for “buses (trains, subways, and motorboats” The Buenos Aires tourism site notes that to travel by bus (or subte) in Buenos Aires you will need a rechargeable Sube card.
These cards can be top-up with Bitcoins thanks to the integration of Alto Viaje, an online card financing platform, and Bitex, a fintech startup. Alto Viaje can be found on the Sube government website as one vendor that cardholders may use to fund their accounts. Alto Viaje has more information on its website.
Alto Viaje & Bitex
Alto Viaje offers two methods of funding Sube cards now: Paypal and BTC. According to the website, Rapipago will soon be added funding via the platform. “Alto Viaje chose to use Bitex for the technology and liquidity that it has, which is a necessity to face a project this size.”
The Bitex CMO Manuel Beaudroit was quoted as saying that he believed that this project was of great importance because it brought technology as disruptive like bitcoin to the common man. He also stated that the minimum amount of funding in BTC is 50 Argentine Pesos ($1.32), according to the publication.…
The 2007 K-League season is slowly starting to get into its stride. The first three rounds have contained a reasonable amount of goals and excitement as the Korean media and coaches have been telling everybody who will listen. It is early days. Encouragingly perhaps, most of the good stuff has been shown by the bigger Togel Online clubs in the league. What is definitely promising is that those clubs have also been getting good results too. Seoul, Ulsan, Seongnam, Pohang and Suwon make up the top five and it will be no surprise at all if that same quintet is doesn’t change much from now until November.
Seoul are the pacesetters and are the only perfect pick from the bunch. Even more ominous for the others is the fact that new coach Senol Gunes has yet to see his team concede a goal in 270 minutes of league football. The Turk, like many other coaches pre-season, has promised entertaining football and the team are trying – though at the moment they can only do so in fits and starts.
Seoul have yet to meet any of the big boys however – in fact none of the top five have played each other yet. Hopefully the best is yet to come. The biggest news of the past week was not the K-League or Park Ji-sung scoring two goals for Manchester United but Ahn Jung-hwan’s hat-trick in the Hauzen Cup.
The first round of the competition saw Suwon’s traditional bogey team Daejeon Citizen visit the ‘Big Bird’ Stadium. Ahn took the purple hearts apart with a display of clinical offensive play not often seen in the K-League since, well, since he left in 2000.
Two calm finishes in one-on-one situations sandwiched a sweet half-volley from a narrow angle. Instead of kissing his wedding ring as in days of yore, Ahn celebrated his goals by kissing his index finger – the nation does not yet know the reason for this change!
It was inevitable then that calls for national team coach Pim Verbeek to include
the striker in his squad to face Uruguay on March 24 increased. “As soon as
he comes back to Korea, everybody wants him back in the national team,” Verbeek
told me earlier in the month.
“So do I, but not immediately. I wanted to take
some pressure from him. We have time to find out if he is the same as in 2006
and before that.” As it turned out, it was too soon for the “Lord of the Ring”
but if he continues to perform domestically, few would bet against him playing
some part in the Asian Cup this summer.
He will have to watch from the sidelines on Saturday as will experienced midfielder Kim Nam-il. Ahn’s Suwon team-mate was stretchered off the pitch in last Saturday’s 1-0 win over K-League with a neck injury.
His place will be taken by new boy Son Dae-ho of Seongnam – a
midfielder that was impressive form in the second half of last season and the
beginning of this. The Seongnam new boy will be finding his way around Paju
National Football Center along with Kim Chang-soo of Daejeon Citizen, Kang Min-soo
of Chunnam Dragons and Ki Sung-young of FC Seoul.
South Korea Squad:
GK: Kim Yong-dae (Seongnam), Kim Young-kwang (Ulsan), Jung Sung-ryeong
DF: Kim Chi-kon (Seoul) Kim Chi-woo, Kim Jin-kyu and
Kang Min-su (all Chunnam), Lee Young-pyo (Tottenham, England) Oh Beom-seok (Pohang)
Kim Dong-jin (Zenit, Russia) Kim Chang-soo (Daejeon)
Doo-hyun, Kim Sang-shik, Son Dae-ho (All Seongna) Baek Ji-hoon (Suwon) Kim Jung-woo
(Nagoya, Japan) Ki Sung-young (Seoul) Oh Jang-eun (Ulsan) Lee Ho (Zenit, Russia)
FW: Cho Jae-jin (Shimizu, Japan) Jung Jo-gook (Seoul) Lee Chun-soo
(Ulsan) Park Ji-sung (Manchester United, England) Seol Ki-hyeon (Reading, England)
Yeom Ki-hoon (Jeonbuk) Choi Sung-kuk (Seongnam)
It’s ‘snow’ joke
The Asian Champions League started on March 7 with two of South Korea’s three
representatives in action – champions Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors have a bye to the
quarter-finals. Chunnam Dragons made their debut in the competition by failing
to defeat Bangkok University.
The hosts were the happier of the two with the
goalless draw as they made the Korean FA Cup holders look very average on a
sultry Thai night. Conditions were a little different back home where Seongnam
Ilwha Chunam started their campaign with a easy-looking game with Vietnamese
outfit Dong Tam Long An.
It was a cold day just to the south of Seoul and the seven-time champions were confident of handing their opponents a sound beating.
About 30 minutes before kick-off however, it started to snow and the white stuff
just kept on coming. By kick-off the pitch was just about playable but ten minutes
into the game it was impossible to see any markings as the white carpet got
thicker and thicker.
Nobody thought to use a coloured ball and instead we were
treated to players gingerly walking around in a blizzard trying to find a white
sphere on a white background.
“Obviously it was very difficult for Dong Tam coming from Vietnam,” said Seongnam coach Kim Hak-beom with just a little understatement.
“These were the worst conditions I have ever seen.” Most of the visiting players
had never even seen snow before and it was a heavy fall even by Korean and other
Seongnam striker Kim Dong-hyun spent last season in Russia but
said: “I never saw anything like this.” The seven-time champions won 4-1 but
the Vietnamese coaching staff, the ones not tucked beneath blankets on the bench
that is., were obviously unhappy at the start of the second half and it looked
as if the game would be abandoned. AFC and perhaps other officials intervened
and the ‘game’ restarted. “It was a mistake to continue in these conditions,”
said Portuguese coach Henrique Calisto. “My players have never experienced anything
like this before. “When Seongnam come to Vietnam we will show them some nice
and warm weather and hopefully a good game”…
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Agen abal-abal juga memberikan kontak informasi sama halnya dengan agen terpercaya. Namun perbedaannya adalah agen game judi lewat atm di android terpercaya memiliki respon yang cepat dan selalu aktif selama 24 jam. Setiap kali anda menyakan suatu masalah akan dijawab dengan baik, ramah, dan benar. Untuk agen penipu tidak memiliki respon yang baik, bahkan terkadang membalasnya cukup lama karena tidak selalu aktif kontaknya. Terkadang juga berubah-ubah setelah berhasil menipu korbannya. Untuk itulah anda harus hati-hati.
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Perjudian online dengan pengiriman deposit menggunakan atm memang cukup efisien. Karena sekarang ini mesin atm tersebar dimana-mana bahkan dipelosok desa juga sudah ada. Selain itu dengan mesin atm waktu transaksi anda menjadi sangat panjang yaitu 24 jam. Namun jika bank yang anda gunakan memiliki jadwal offline tetap perhatikan dengan baik. Jangan lakukan transaksi pada jam-jam offline karena berbahaya. Uang yang anda kirimkan tidak bisa diproses oleh pihak bank dan agen judi online. Untuk masalah ini bukan berarti agen tersebut penipu tetapi karena masalah sistem.
Anda hanya perlu mencari situs terpercaya yang bisa melayani anda. Dengan agen terbaik anda pasti selalu merasa nyaman ketika melakukan transaksi. Tidak takut kehilangan uang dan berpikiran hal-hal yang negatif. Menggunakan atm untuk transaksi memang cukup efektif apalagi anda yang tidak punya waktu untuk pergi ke bank karena kesibukan kerja yang harus anda jalani. Maka pilihan ini memang tepat untuk anda dalam mengirimkan uang deposit.
Sebenarnya tidak hanya untuk mengirimkan deposit saja tapi juga bisa untuk melakukan penarikan withdraw. Bahkan bisa juga untuk membeli pulsa. Ini sangat berguna ketika anda bermain judi online dan kehabisan kuota maka bisa langsung pergi ke atam untuk membeli pulsa. Demikianlah game judi lewat atm di android yang semakin memudahkan anda dalam bermain judi online.…
Investors in the United States who wish to trade Bitcoin without having to buy the cryptocurrency have been given another route to the top-ranked virtual currency via Bitcoin Exchange Traded Notes (ETN).
Details of the Bitcoin ETN
According to Bloomberg, starting Wednesday American investors will now have access to Bitcoin Tracker One, and BTC ETN and Crypto Gambling. The product which runs under the CXBTF ticker will be quoted in U.S. dollars. However, the clearing and settlement of the trade will be in Krona and Euro since the product is listed and regulated in Sweden.
The ETN is issued by XBT Provider, a subsidiary of CoinShares. The company developed the product in 2015. In July 2018, Amsterdam-based EU speed trading behemoth, Flow Traders became the first company to participate in the BTC ETN market.
For Americans, trading is this particular Bitcoin ETN is like purchasing a U.S. depository receipt in that a foreign-listed asset is denominated in U.S. dollars. Commenting on the ETN, CEO of Coinshares, Ryan Radloff said:
Everyone that’s investing in dollars can now get exposure to these products, whereas before, they were only available in euros or Swedish krona. Given the current climate on the regulatory front in the U.S., this is a big win for Bitcoin.
ETN Might Represent a Soft Opening for Bitcoin ETF
The introduction of BTC ETN trading capability in the United States could be seen as a soft opening for the much sought after Bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF). The SEC has far remained unmoved in its reticence concerning issuing approval for any BTC ETF.
Recently, the Commission denied the Winklevoss twins’ ETF application while postponing its decision on the VanEck/SolidX, as well as the Direxion filings. According to the SEC, issues relating to liquidity, custodial tools, and price manipulation haven’t been sufficiently addressed.
ETNs and ETFs are similar in some respects as they provide an opportunity to invest in an asset without actually owning the asset. Such a trading avenue seems perfect for cryptocurrencies given their price volatility. However, a few subtle differences exist between the two. Rather than being an asset pool, ETN is more like a debt instrument that is backed by a bank or any other recognized issuing institution.
Do you think the Bitcoin ETN will gain traction in the American market? Keep the conversation going in the comment section below.
Ethereum Price Falls Below $300 as Cryptocurrency Market Tumbles – Crypto ICO Report NEWS13 Total viewsNo comments
The price of Ethereum has fallen below $300 as the cryptocurrency market enters a more intense bearish pullback. Except for Tether, all other top ten coins have experienced significant negative price movements within the last 24-hour trading period.
Ethereum Tumbles 17 Percent
Ethereum, the second-ranked cryptocurrency according to market capitalization sunk to its lowest 2018 valuation on Monday afternoon UTC. ETH has not traded below $300 since the start of November 2017. At press time, ETH has dipped more than 17 percent to take its 2018 decline to 60 percent.
The decline in the price of ETH is being attributed to the disillusionment of ICO investors. The sheer number of ICO exit scams and the amounts being siphoned by these pump and dump schemes has created negative sentiments in the ETH market.
Ethereum, the preferred platform for most ICO projects benefited from this fact reaching above $1,000 in February 2018. At the time, BTC was declining below $6,000. However, the tide seems to have turned as many of the ICO projects that generated interest in ETH, driving up its price have begun to cash out to cover expenses. Thus, the ETH is is starting to slide. Commenting on the issue, BloomWater Capital chief, Biswas Das said:
These startups are raising a lot of funds, but they don’t have treasury management or enough cash management experience, so they’re selling too early and causing a lot of pressure in the market. It was fine last year, but right now, the market is so fragile that it causes a lot of pressure.
The general bearishness perhaps exacerbates the ETH decline in the market occasioned by stricter regulations and the slow pace of institutional adoption. Experts believe that projects aren’t done cashing out and thus predict even more pain for ETH investors as prices sink even lower.
Bitcoin Dips More than 20 Percent in August as Altcoins Continue to Bleed
Bitcoin briefly slipped below the $6,000 mark in the early morning on Tuesday (August 14, 2018). The top-ranked cryptocurrency is now back above $6,000 at the time of writing this article. BTC has dropped more than 20 percent in August eroding most of the gains accrued in July. Bitcoin’s year-to-date decline now stands at 57 percent.
Positive sentiments leading up to the SEC’s decision on numerous ETFs drove prices up to $8,400 in late July. However, the Commission has either rejected or delayed approving the various filings brought before it. The consensus is that an SEC-approved Bitcoin ETF in 2018 is highly unlikely.
The altcoin market, in general, appears bleak as well with prices depreciating significantly. Cardano leads the decline in the top ten, falling more almost 20 percent within the last 24 hours. Outside the top ten, Ethereum Classic has been unable to maintain its upward price trajectory after a raft of platform adoptions. The 13th-ranked cryptocurrency is currently down by more than 19 percent in the last 24 hours.
How low do you expect the price of Ethereum to reach in this current decline? Keep the conversation going in the comment section below.…
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Sex Soda is a pretty unique energy drink. It’s actually marketed as a Sexual Energy Drink (Herbal Aphrodisiac) which is kind of going to make it difficult to review on a power rating. There are several flavors available and if the others are as good as this one it’s going to be a pretty enjoyable set of reviews. Citrus is not exactly what you would think it would be flavor wise….. it’s actually much better. I was expecting a Sprite or 7UP type of drink, but what I got was FAR better than I would have hoped. To me it tastes more like a mixed citrus fruit ade. A little bit of lime, lemon and grapefruit juiced and mixed with water, sugar, and a bit of cream…..The over all flavor effect is a bit like a mild key lime pie, smooth, sweet and a hint of tartness….quite damn good really. The drink itself even looks like lemonade. Instead of the clear citrus drinks we are all used to, Sex Soda is kind of an opaque yellow…very milky. Effects aside, I’d definitely drink it again. It’s quite a nice change from the other stuff out there and pretty refreshing…I would think that a good cold bottle would be great on a hot day. That being said, this is not something you’ll be finding on the grocery store counters (Which actually sucks because it really is quite good).
Power wise, I’m still not quite sure about Energy sugar freedrink. Seeing as how it’s marketed as an herbal aphrodisiac it really doesn’t seem like it would be so enjoyable to test on myself. I suppose I could take the other flavors I have left home and see what my wife thinks (or better yet see what I think after she drinks them) but really I have nothing to compare their effects to in order to give it a rating in that field…though I can think of about 1000 different ways to approach this if I was single. J Aphrodisiac aside, I have to say that this stuff did a damn good job of waking me up. The effects are quite noticeable…I’m not feeling tired at all, I’m actually feeling pretty relaxed and comfortable, and much more alert. As an energy drink this stuff works damn well!
Overall what we have here is a very good tasting energy drink that is far different (In a good way) from the other stuff out there, and it actually works really well. If you are able to find a bottle, definitely give it a shot…I don’t think you’ll be disappointed at all in the flavor or effects. I also think this would go REALLY well with alcohol. An herbal aphrodisiac margarita or whisky sour is a win/win situation.
Still need convincing that smoking is a serious health risk to your employees? Read on…
Cigarette smoking facts:
Every year, more than 430,000 Americans die prematurely of smoking-related diseases.
Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. It is responsible for one of every 5 deaths!
More people die as a result of cigarette smoking every year than die from AIDS, alcohol, traffic accidents, fire, illicit drugs, murder, and suicide… COMBINED.3
Cigarettes are highly addictive. The Surgeon General’s 1989 report determined smoking to be as addictive as cocaine or heroin.
Seventeen percent of people who try crack cocaine will become addicted. Ninety percent of people who try smoking will become addicted.
More than 4,000 chemicals have been identified in cigarette smoke, 43 of which are known to cause cancer.5
Smoking causes a wide variety of diseases:
Cancer – smoking is associated with many types of cancer, most notably, lung cancer. There are nearly 5,000 new cases of lung cancer each year in North Carolina – about 87% of those are because of smoking.6 Below are listed all of the cancers that are known to be more common in smokers than in nonsmokers:
cancer of the pharynx
bone marrow cancer
Tobacco use is the number-one risk factor for heart disease and stroke.
More smokers die of heart disease than of lung cancer.
Smokers have twice the risk of heart attack as nonsmokers.
Nearly one-fifth of all deaths from heart disease are caused by smoking.
Smoking causes emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
Nearly all victims of emphysema are current or former smokers.
Smokers increase their risk of dying of bronchitis and emphysema by more than 10 times.
Other health consequences of smoking:2,3,7
Peptic ulcer disease
Fertility problems (for men AND women)
Impotence in men
Early onset of menopause
Low birth weight babies
Increased heart rate
Weakened sense of smell
Increased phlegm production
Reduced lung capacity
Premature gray hair and even hair loss
As you can see, smoking increases the risks of MANY potentially very serious health problems. But quitting smoking has major and immediate benefits for smokers of all ages:1
One year after quitting, an individual’s excess risk of heart disease is cut in half. You can start exploring Snus Nicotine
After 10 years, the former smoker’s risk of lung disease is cut in half.
In five to 15 years, the risk of stroke for former smokers returns to the level of those who have never smoked!
Adopting a smoke-free workplace encourages employees to quit smoking, thereby greatly reducing their chances of suffering from a smoking-related illness in the future. Even the tobacco industry recognizes in their internal documents that smoke-free workplaces lead to reduced levels of smoking among employees. Philip Morris compiled tracking data from over 25,000 workers, and determined that smokers in smoke-free workplaces “consume 11-15% less cigarettes than average, and quit at a rate that is 84% higher than average”.8 They also found that “milder workplace restrictions like smoking only in designated areas have much less impact on quitting rates and very little impact on consumption”.8 By adopting a smoke-free workplace you’re protecting the health of your employees, reducing your organization’s health care costs, and protecting the future of your business!
It is true. Blackjack is one of the most popular table games in all the Casinos. Just walk through the table games areas and notice how many blackjack tables are there compared to all the others. That is because it is an easy game to play and with the correct strategy, a player can get an advantage against the dealer, or at least lessen the dealer’s advantage.
How would a player accomplish this? Well the first thing is you need a good sound strategy. This strategy is really very basic but is vital to having success at the blackjack table. Here are some simple rules you should always follow;
1) Always assume the dealers down card is a 10. This is playing the probabilities, or odds. This also means if a dealer is showing a 5 or 6, then his probability of busting is very high. You would want to stand on anything that you could bust on and hit on anything that you won’t bust on. This includes an Ace and 6 which gives you a 7 or 17. This is referred to as a soft seventeen. Double this down and watch your bankroll grow, not every time, but more than not.
2) Do not ever play a hunch or gut feeling. This will ruin the table for you and your fellow players. The odds are a much more accurate indication than a hunch.
3) Know when to hit, stand, split and double down. So often what to do depends on the dealers hand as well as yours. In blackjack, it is very important that you follow a proper blackjack strategy. You should learn these blackjack strategy rules, or obtain a blackjack strategy card. If a player tells you a blackjack strategy card is developed by the house to increase the house advantage, and they won’t play by it, get up and move to a different blackjack table. They will suck your pockets empty for the casino. The casinos love these types of players.
There are many other important strategies that could, and should be developed along with in game strategies. They include, but are not limited to how to pick a winning table, what type of player you want to have at your table (don’t sit down if other players don’t use proper strategy), how to count cards and how to get a dealer to help you (you should be tipping the dealer even if you are losing, they are providing a service to you). Find other resources on these subjects and educate yourself. Your favorite sports team couldn’t win without a complete game plan, and you can’t either!
Counting Cards to Win At Blackjack
First, casinos hate card counters. It takes away the advantage they have at the blackjack table. But card counting is not illegal as long as you don’t use any devices to help you accomplish this. Did you ever wonder why some casinos use automatic shufflers? This is the reason. If you were suspected of card counting at a casino, you probably would be told to leave by security. Blackjack card counting is an advanced strategy that will take considerable concentration at the blackjack table. Counting is a term used to describe the system you will use to keep track of whether the blackjack shoe has more high cards, or low cards or 7,8 or 9’s left to distribute. A shoe filled with 10 value cards increases your chances of winning, while a shoe filled with lower cards increases the advantage of the house. If you know the shoe is filled with 10 value cards, then you will want to increase your Togel bet accordingly. Get aggressive, but not to aggressive since you are being watched. A sudden, very large increase in your bet will get the pit bosses attention and he will suspect you of card counting.
Card counting in blackjack is not done by memorizing each card that has come out of the shoe. If you could do that you should be a huge winner at everything you do in life. We count cards by assigning a value to each card that comes out of the shoe. This includes the dealer cards and all other players cards at the table. This is called the running count. Based on a plus or minus system, here are the values assigned;
1) 2,3,4,5,6 = +1
2) 7,8,9= 0
3) 10,J,Q,K,Ace= -1
So if these cards are on the table 9, J, 2, 4, 6, 10, you would have a running count of +1 (0, -1, +1, +1, +1, -1) This would mean you have one less low card in the shoe. The later you get in the shoe the more true the count becomes, so you should bet accordingly. Also, you could take the running count and divide it by the number of decks left in the shoe. The larger the number, the more sure you can be of your count.
So there you have a quick overview of card counting. The more experienced you become at it, the easier it gets. This strategy should be used with other successful st
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Several years ago I got turned on to using live bait. Before that time I had used worms. Yes worms are live bait too, but the world of live bait is much more than a crawler on a hook. Minnows, crawdads, and crickets are also a big part of live bait fishing. I have enjoyed using each type, but crickets were my first venture into the “other-world” of live bait fishing. A good friend of mine, Tom, first showed me how to use crickets when stream fishing for trout. Wanna Buy 2022 Calendars
We were Trout fishing the Silver Fork out side of Kyburz, California. The water was running and the scenery outstanding. Our plan was to hop boulders from up above and fish our way down stream. First on the agenda was my introduction to using crickets as bait. Tom grabbed a black cricket out of the cricket cage and said, “You just run the hook under the collar”.
What? Was this cricket wearing a coat or something? I found that just behind the head of the cricket is something that looks like a collar. The trick is to gently guide your hook under the collar and out the other side of the collar without killing the cricket. It is actually much easier than it may sound. Next I went for a fishing bobber and was quickly corrected by Tom. No Bobber and if I needed, only the lightest of a sinker. The idea was to cast onto the rushing water and let the cricket float down stream. I studied by cricket teacher as he gently flipped his line onto the water and the cricket floated down the creek. Then he was gone. Fish on! Since then I have learned that many people use crickets for a variety of other fish including Panfish and Breen. This technique is different from the one I used my first day.
Many people use a bobber or a float with a #6, #8, or #10 hook. They then put a lightweight split shot about 6 inches from the cricket. The idea is to let the cricket slowly and naturally descend through the water. As with Panfish, you will try several times and may adjust your bobber depth until you find the right spot. I have learned that fish like variety in their diet, just like we do. Live bait is definitely preferred by fish over artificial and they can strike at it aggressively. So feel free to explore a live bait option to worms. Crickets: The other live bait. Website to Buy 2022 Calendars
Many casino games can be traced to antiquity; still others are associated with specific historical moments in time and place. Today’s casino game of Keno is one such, with its roots in Chinese prehistory and history, as well as having a specific historical significance for Americans. In China, a game very similar to Keno has been played for several thousand years—by emperors, warlords, merchants and peasants—even communists have been known to try to make some capital from picking “the numbers” although such activities are frowned upon by the party bosses (known in Chinese as party poopers). The name of the Chinese game was/is Kino.
In the 1800’s, when the American west was being conquered and then connected to civilization, and the railroads were being built, cheap labor was imported from China, and with it was also imported the game of Kino. It was so popular with the Chinese laborers that soon enterprising Americans, seeing the incredible profits that could accrue from winning said laborers hard-earned pay, took over the game, changed its name to Keno, and set up “Keno parlors” throughout the west. Keno was known as the “Chinese Lottery,” and like any lottery it was a boon to its owners and a bane to its players. At one time just about every town in the west had its Keno parlor.
Still, for those of you who enjoy playing lotteries, or local charity chance books, or if numbers are your thing, the casino game of Keno might hold some interest for you. It is indeed the equivalent of a lottery but much faster! You don’t have to wait a few days for the results, just a few minutes. Of course, like the lottery, Keno comes in with very high edges for the house—25 percent, more or less, depending on the casino where the UFA game is being played and the type of wagers being pursued.
The players’ tickets are numbered one through eighty. You can choose to play between one and twenty numbers on a given ticket. The numbers to be played are “X’ed” out in crayon (back to childhood we go!). To win a multi-number bet, you often don’t have to select all the numbers, just some of them. Here are some of the most popular betting options at Keno:
Types of Bets at Keno
- Straight Ticket: A player can mark one, two, or more numbers on a ticket.
- Split Ticket: Player can bet on two or more groups of numbers on a single ticket by circling the groups to be played.
- Way Ticket: Combining several groups of numbers on the same ticket.
- Combination Ticket: The player selects two or more groups of numbers and indicates how the groups are to be combined to form many tickets within one ticket.
- King Ticket: One number is selected to be used with all the other groups that have been indicated.
- Multi Race Ticket: This is a ticket that indicates that it will be played for two or more sessions in a row.
Sometimes I receive mailings from individuals who are selling systems to beat Keno. They claim that they have found patterns to the numbers that can be exploited by their “super-seven Keno buster” or their “Keno pyramid” method or their “ping-pong power play.” The costs of these systems are—to say the least—exorbitant. The claims of the systems are—to be frank—bogus. Is there a magical system for beating Keno? Sorry, no. The system sellers are scamming us. The Keno numbers are selected randomly, either by air-driven ping-pong balls (just like many state lotteries) or by computer. The fact that some numbers may have hit several times and other numbers may not have shown their faces for quite awhile is no indication that a number will continue to hit or is due to hit. Picking numbers is sheer guesswork.
So why play Keno? First, it offers a relaxing atmosphere. Keno lounges are usually pleasantly appointed places, with comfortable chairs. You can drink a cup of coffee, pick your numbers in a leisurely fashion, and not worry about other players telling you what to do or what not to do. Played properly for small stakes, Keno, even with its abominably high house edges, will not drain your gambling bankroll any time soon as it is the snail of casino games.
And like anything in life, there is a better or a worse way to approach a Keno game. Walter Thomason, in his excellent book 109 Ways to Beat the Casinos (Bonus Books, $13.95), gives some great advice when it comes to Keno. “Don’t select more than eight numbers on a straight ticket. The odds of hitting all eight are 230,000 to 1—but the odds of hitting all nine out of nine numbers are 1.3 million to 1! Bet way tickets rather than straight tickets. The odds are the same, but you’ll hit more payoffs.”
The 5-Step Keno Strategy
- Play the minimum amount allowed, which is usually a dollar or two, as the house edge is very big at Keno—25 percent more or less. Luckily the game is slow, maybe one game per 6–10 minutes.
- If you are betting on several numbers, always have them in some kind of small or large sequence as you’ll note how often numbers run in sequence (but the game is still random!). This can be done on “way” tickets as well.
- Use Keno as a break from more adrenaline producing games when you want to stay in the action but you need a little rest from betting serious money.
- Video Keno, while much faster than regular Keno, has much better paybacks—more like your typical slot machine. However, you can play video Keno so fast that the speed makes up for the decrease in the house edge. My advice is to stick with the slow game and relax, have a cup of coffee or read a paper between games.
- Avoid betting the multi-race ticket. Don’t get caught up in Keno mania, the desire to hit your “lucky” numbers. Some people obsess that if they play the same numbers over and over, sooner or later these numbers will hit. They then fear not to play lest their numbers hit when they aren’t on them. To forestall Keno mania, don’t play the same combination of numbers all the time. Mix them up and try, do try, not to remember which numbers you played in previous games. Bet one game at a time only!
In hold’em, when you suspect an opponent might be bluffing, what’s the lowest hand with which you can call? In the big blind against a suspected blind steal, it may not be as much as you think.
In a $20-$40 hold’em game in Las Vegas recently, I was in the big blind. An extremely aggressive player sat two seats to my right. Everyone around the table folded to the aggressive player on the button, who made the expected raise to $40. The small blind folded. The next decision was up to me.
Much has been written about what it takes to call (or raise with) in this spot. When facing a suspected blind steal, it’s sometimes necessary to defend your blind, albeit selectively — or you’ll be identified as an easy target and get run over by aggressive players. Something told me the player raising my big blind didn’t really have much of a hand. In fact, the way that he thrust his chips forcefully into the pot convinced me that I wouldn’t need much of a hand to outplay him after the flop. I called.
The flop came rags, 8c 5h 3d. Although I didn’t have a pair, I considered tokyoslot88 betting-out and going for a steal. But I still wasn’t convinced that my opponent didn’t have a real hand. Before I could rap the table signaling my intent to check, the aggressive player reached quickly for his chips. From the way that he seemed to be so eager to bet, I was becoming increasingly more confident in what my first instinct had told me — that he was bluffing.
Then and there, I made a decision based purely on instinct. Barring unforeseen developments, I was going to play my hand all the way to the river. It appeared my opponent was aggressive enough to blast away at the pot all the way to the end in a desperate attempt to recover what he already had invested. If my assessment was correct, I didn’t want him going anywhere. Indeed, I wanted him to continue bluffing, with me hemming and hawing, playing the role of the hayseed tourist as though I was contemplating seriously whether or not to call his bet.
The turn paired the board. This presented some wonderful options for me. In standard game situations, when the board pairs, a bet or check-raise can be a very powerful play (even without three of a kind). However, I suspected my opponent was simply going to continue shoveling his money into the pot, which I would gratuitously accept — if my presumptions proved to be correct. He bet and I called.
The river was a blank.
I checked again, and sat completely still. I didn’t want to give my opponent any indication that I was fully prepared to call. Again, I wanted him to bet. Many players in this spot who are head-up against an opponent who is smooth-calling all the way to the river simply will check behind and reveal a hand. A bet, especially a forceful one coming from a very aggressive player, just screams, “I’m bluffing!” It’s the final act of desperation. The player bet and I called.
“I missed,” the player sadly announced as he turned up Q-10.
Suddenly, I felt like a proud peacock, swelling with pride. “King high,” I said, revealing K-9, which seemed to be a stunningly weak hand with which to be calling in a muscle game like $20-$40 hold’em. The other players at the table were in disbelief. The modest-sized pot was pushed to me. More important than the money won was the table image that I had established for the remainder of the session. The success of my bizarre play accomplished two things: First, the aggressive player on my right now would be neutralized and no longer would threaten to steal my blinds. Second, I had telegraphed mixed messages to the other players — that I was either a complete baffling idiot or a very solid player who shouldn’t be messed with, which — although contradictory — isn’t a bad image to have at any poker table.
Of course, my instincts just as easily could have been incorrect. Critics may even suggest that I was lucky. My decision to call down a pure bluff with K-9 would have been atrocious had I guessed wrong and the player shown me a real hand. Worse, he could have shown me a weak hand (such as a small pair or ace high), and I would have been forced to concede the pot and face embarrassment.
My blind defense raised interesting questions. Afterwards, I was eager to discover the long-term value (if any) of calling suspected steal attempts with relatively weak hands, based purely on mathematical principles. In other words, with how LOW a hand could I have called with in the previous scenario to ensure positive expectation? Could I have called my opponent down with any king high? What about a hand such as Q-J? Or, Q-2? What about J-10? As you are about to discover, hands that are playable in this spot (under the previous assumption, that the opponent is bluffing) may be surprising.
The following examples assume two things: (1) You are playing against a very aggressive opponent, and (2) The player must be capable of raising initially and running a bluff with any two cards. Otherwise, none of this applies. These conclusions do not apply when facing typical players, so-called “tourists,” or tight players. The recommendations apply only when playing against semi-sophisticated players and maniacs who are aggressive enough to consistently blast away at the pot. Since a fair number of middle-limit hold’em games around the country are comprised of players fitting this description precisely, the following recommendations are hardly inconsequential. In fact, calling down a suspected blind steal may be quite profitable if certain guidelines are examined carefully and selectively applied.
I consulted with J.P. Massar, who made the final table at the 1999 Tournament of Champions and has won and placed high in a number major events. Massar has as solid math credentials as any poker player I know. Massar noted that the calling requirements on the turn are stricter than those on the river (which is no surprise, since you will have to call two big bets to get a showdown). Therefore, Massar had to construct his examples in terms of calling on the turn, assuming a call on the river, instead of just in terms of a call on the river. Given the anecdote above, Massar reached some interesting conclusions:
The effective odds of calling a bet on the turn (assuming that my opponent will bet and I will call on the river 100 percent of the time) are $80 to win what’s in the pot now — which is $170, plus my opponent’s bet on the river of $40, or $210 total. The math says that one needs to win at least 28 percent of the time at the showdown to make a profit.
Suppose that the board on the turn is 8-5-3-5 (rainbow). Computer analysis shows that J-9 is enough of a hand to win at least 28 percent of the time!
Instead, suppose that the board on the turn is Q-8-7-3 (rainbow). Now, analysis shows that K-2 (that is, any king high) is good enough.
Suppose that my opponent is not a total maniac and will raise only initially with the best 70 percent of his hands instead of every single one. How does this affect the quality of hand that you need to make the call? In the 8-5-3-5 example, one needs a Q-7 (as opposed to J-9) to call him down. In the later Q-8-7-3 example, a K-9 (as opposed to any K) is good enough.
Note once again that these results are valid only when using the assumptions listed above. Furthermore, any particular board may present flush possibilities; the examples above use boards with no flushes possible on the river. If flushes are possible and you cannot make a flush, the quality of hand with which you need to call down will go up. Also, there are hands such as low straight draws with which it would be correct to call the turn but not the river if you miss.
Finally, I don’t claim that calling down with hands at least as good as the threshold hands given above is always the most profitable play, only that it is “profitable.” Betting or check-raising the turn or the river with some of the hands might turn out to be a better play than simply check-calling.
When it comes to giving or taking poker advice, every situation is unique. There is certainly no such thing as a situation in which it is 100 percent correct to make a “blind defense.” In most cases, when the bet is raised before the flop, it’s proper to give up the blind and wait for a better opportunity later, since you are placing money at risk and will be out of position throughout the hand.
But as you can see from my K-9 story, and probably from your own playing experience, you should be able to recognize the signs of a blind steal. It’s easy to run a bluff. It takes quite a bit more sophistication to call down a bluff and make the correct decision, based on good instincts combined with sound mathematical principles.
The last two decades have witnessed an explosion in the number of poker books available to the aspiring player. This has significantly impacted the way poker is played in today’s casinos and card rooms. However, just because poker has grown like wild over the last several years doesn’t mean that the first poker book was written in 1979. One of these earlier books was A. D. Livingston’s Poker Strategy and Winning Play, written in 1971. This book was reprinted in 1991 as Poker Strategy. So, how does it compare to more recent works?
Overall, most of Livingston’s strategic advice is sound, including the admonition to play tight. Many of the concepts he writes about have been echoed by more contemporary authors, including his belief that bluffs should pay for themselves. That is, that Livingston believes that bluffing just for advertizing is a mistake. On the other hand, it will come as no surprise that some of his notions are very much dated. For example, the high-low split games discussed in this book never require a qualifier for low. Also, it’s amusing to hear Livingston talk about an exciting new form of poker called “Hold Me” played with two cards dealt down and five community cards dealt face up on the table. His advice on strategy for this game isn’t any good by contemporary standards, but even without a great deal of experience in the game, the author realized the importance of kickers, which shows some general understanding of the game in question.
The second section of the book covers mathematics. His introduction to determining event probabilities using combinations is reasonably well explained, but much of Livingston’s calculations aren’t very important in the ป๊อกเด้ง ไฮโล games that are commonly played today. The general focus of the book is not on the games that are typically found in the modern card room, but rather on home games. Therefore, determining the probabilities of events in Cincinnati or Deuces Wild Draw is on topic for the book, even if it won’t seem terribly relevant to most poker players.
The third section of the book is a description of many kinds of poker played in home games, including some brief strategic information about each game. Much of this would be pretty obvious to the veteran poker player, for example, that one should play awfully tight without the ace of spades in the hole if the game is Chicago. At the same time, some of it is insightful. Occasionally, the terminology used in the book may be a little confusing to people used to the vocabulary of contemporary poker literature. When speaking of games with community cards, Livingston refers to every round of betting in which a new card is exposed as a “turn”. As long as the reader is aware of this, it probably won’t be too distracting.
By today’s standards, nothing in Poker Strategy would be considered ground breaking. There are some strategic errors in the text, but at the time it was originally written it probably contained some of the better poker advice available in print. Unfortunately, as far as I can tell, no updates have been made to the original printing. Poker Strategy might be useful to those players who either want some pointers on how to improve their chances when someone calls for Baseball in a home game, or if they want to learn about some different and unusual games they might want to play next Friday night. Poker book junkies might find this book an amusing read, but I believe that $15 is a little steep for a book that hasn’t been updated in over 30 years.
Poker Strategy is a reprint of A. D. Livingston’s 1971 book Poker Strategy and Winning Play. While the book shows its age, it does contain some insight, especially when it comes to the wilder varieties of poker often played in home games. There’s nothing fundamental in this book that isn’t repeated more carefully in the contemporary poker literature, but for those who just like to read poker books it can provide some entertainment.…
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Microgaming Comments on Departing Licensees
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