You’ve finally done it. You finished your first diamond project—yay! Now, you’re probably wondering what to do with a finished diamond painting. Well, you spent a lot of time and effort on creating something beautiful, so you’ll definitely want to preserve it in some way. But, how? We like to add a top seal to keep all of the diamond beads secure and then put it in a chic frame to hang on the walls of our home or office.
Before you can start the framing process, however, there are a few other finishing touches you can add to your painting just to make sure it’s as perfect as can be. Learn how to frame a diamond painting and look for any minuscule mistakes that could lead to bigger issues down the line.
Get Rid of Dust or Dirt
Most of us spend quite a bit of time working on a single diamond painting project because it can take a while to get every bead in the right place. Plus, if you want to create a truly stunning piece, you need to be diligent about the placement of every diamond; otherwise, you’ll end up with a painting that looks uneven or misshapen.
Because these projects can take days or even weeks–depending on how often you work on yours–it’s easy for debris like dirt, dust or even pet hair to get caught in the design. You may not notice any of these tiny inconveniences while working on the project, but once the beads have been sealed in and hung in a frame, you may see the difference. To clean your diamond painting, you can use a soft brush or even a toothbrush to very gently sweep any remains of your creation.
Check for Missing Areas
Have you ever thought you completed a Ravensburger Puzzles only to realize you had one piece missing? It is so easy for something similar to happen with a finished diamond painting. Because every piece is so small and the grid sections are so close together, you may end up thinking that you didn’t miss any spots, but once you hold your project up to a light board or a bright light (lamp or direct sunlight), any spots that have been skipped over will be illuminated. Before you do anything else with your finished product, you should use this test to check for discrepancies.
Be Sure Diamond Beads Are Secure
The diamonds beads of your painting are attached to the grid by the pattern’s sticky surface. However, sometimes we do not push down hard enough on each and every bead causing one (or more) of them to fall off once we lift up the painting. To avoid this, take a rolling pin and gently roll over the entire piece. This will provide each bead a little extra pressure that ensures that they are stuck to the grid.
Learn How to Properly Frame Your Diamond Painting
Adding your diamond painting to a frame gives it a classy and finished appearance. Framing your painting is a fairly easy process. You can buy a standard frame from any craft store, or look for a custom size to fit your specific painting. If you’re going to buy a standard frame from the store, look for one that is slightly smaller than your painting. Diamond art paintings have extra trim around the image so you can cut some of this material down to fit the frame and focus more on the image itself.…
Played online slot machine with no dealer or other players that the video poker games have been concentrated on creating the ideal mix using just five cards.It is possible to acquire advice from the best resources and get details regarding the chance to play internet games during your spare hours. Tells you how nicely the games operate, prizes, and the newest promotional offers, allowing you to create the best choice where to perform. Though there are many applications and internet guides that will assist the novice gamers in generating knowledge about the matches, a few basic suggestions can further improve the experience. There’s not any shortage of poker websites where you can delight in a Las Vegas enjoy casino encounter but make sure that the one you’re picking takes decent security measures to be able to shield the privacy and money of the clients.
With many diverse variations of the games that are available, the rules & regulations changing from sites to the kind of sport, the players may have bandar qq a very enjoyable experience while playing poker on the internet. One other important issue to remember while playing poker on the internet is the magnitude of the basketball that largely is dependent upon the kind of fame. Even though most of them, such as Aces and Eights, supply greater payouts, others such as Jacks or better attribute exactly the identical number of yields. Providing one of the centers to appreciate virtually all video poker kinds the same as the offline ones, video poker games have become hugely well known in various states of the planet. This publication is a basis for chances, anticipated value, marijuana equity, ratios, forecasts, and functions as an introduction into the world of amounts in Online Poker.
Throughout the past few years in the gambling world, you will find titles that made their mark in the business of betting. There are special advantages for the beginners that aren’t welltrained from the tips of this trade because they may hone their poker abilities at their own pace with no pressure from fellow gamers. Affiliates generated rakeback pkv games for internet gambling to receive players from utilizing their specific websites. In case the URL of the internet casino starts with”HTTPS” rather than”HTTP”, this means that the website is utilizing a secure SSL Certificate. Video poker games are substantially similar to their bodily casino Presents with a few small variations. Many Australians need to enjoy different game versions, and that is the reason this is a critical criterion when picking an internet casino.
Nearly all marketers also provide good value, and now make certain their specific strategy works with developing a site that is eye-catching for the vision, user-friendly. When generating content material, ensure these search phrases are areas clearly within the article, it’s predicated on this situation. Pick French common phrases and words from songs or movies up. Do you need to purchase films for the iPad? Maybe you have wished to get those jewels of theatre your neighborhood shop owner has never heard of? Perhaps maybe not arguably the sole Digital Cinema systems that are prepared, the cinema systems are right here at city Dehradun for you. A standout among the top ways to bond with new and old customers (and emerge in the swarm) is via numerous social networking systems management locales. Internet searchers encouraging catchphrases are important with a particular end goal to pull in customers to your website.
Internet searcher’s improvement disposed of substance is integral management you need keeping in mind that the end goal improves and to construct your website rank in search programs. 5. Web 2. The most appropriate SEO management suppliers are the ones that could provide to provide you a range of administrations that are online integrating keyword research, web program, and website streamlining administrations. The keywords which are used to depict administrations and your items should be people when they are scanning for data on the net that people will in all likelihood use. Before folks get to examine them, your search engine optimization specialist might as well evacuate different kinds of contrary opinions about your business. Before that, you might choose your output choices: DVD is the pick. Suppose you use it that is your option – along with also the chance that you take. The actors of the movies can fill energy on the heart to take battle in your daily daily life. Visit this site https://gomovies-online.vip/brands-pages/primewire
The European Union’s highest court ruled that programs do not need to disclose the complete personal data such as telephone numbers email addresses or IP addresses of customers who upload copyright material and movies. Providing displays and movies, Tubi is just another service. On Friday, Paramount Pictures began supplying DuVernay’s Selma free of leasing on many different programs (Apple, Amazon, etc.). Kanopy is the ideal site for streaming if you love classic movies or art house. A search engine optimization services may provide for them all of you in making a website with SEO benevolent qualities the help you need, by way of example. These route devices are helpful, along with a quick charging site with a bid. A ferocious storm forces the group to go to the terrain along with the mostly unexplored cave system, along with the circumstances that deadly compel them to look for an unknown escape path.
While you may feel that you can likewise watch motion pictures online free, however the genuine story is very extraordinary. You can advantageously surf the Internet for sites that give free films and get a rundown of top ten sites. In any case, it is incredibly hard to locate a commendable site.
The vast majority of the stages which offer online film viewing through lawful methods frequently charge in a few or the other way. You may get a free preliminary for one month, however need to pay to proceed with your amusement which isn’t sufficient for a film darling. Different stages offer rental types of assistance and charge per rental. The sum is ostensible however it isn’t free.
At the point when you scan the web for site https://movies123-online.com/top-imdb for watching films free, you will locate an enormous rundown of sites. Every one of these sites professes to give you free movies. Whoever, you should be extremely mindful so as not to fall prey to any dodgy sites. Here are a few different ways these sites can be misleading.
Poor video quality and a danger to protection
The quality is poor, yet they additionally are regularly not doing everything approved. A few connections permit you to watch films by moaning in utilizing your Google account and can take this influence to bargain with your security.
Your gadgets can be hurt with dreadful projects
A few sites can put your wireless, PC or any gadget in danger. On each event, you sign in to these sites you are inviting malevolent projects that can make potential mischief your gadget.
Pop-ups lessen to the rubble of your experience
While you watch films on these sites, a few connections are covering a significant screen parcel and will bring about the opening of a progression of pop-ups and windows and ruin your experience. On the off chance that numerous gadgets are associated with a typical system, the hazard is considerably higher.
What to search for in the best stage for watching films for nothing
The inquiry that currently emerges is, is it conceivable to watch motion pictures online for nothing and assuming this is the case, how to locate the best stage for the reason. All things considered, Discover Film is a stage that answers every one of your questions and anxieties. It gives you the immaculate experience of film watching that you can appreciate whenever and anyplace. Here are a few highlights which would propel you to join the stage and enjoy the universe of films.
Hiromix (née Toshikawa Hiromi – 1976 Tokyo) est une photographe japonaise. Vit et travaille à Tokyo.
Hiromix (de son vrai nom Toshikawa Hiromi 利川裕美) s’est rapidement faite connaître en remportant en 1995, à l’âge de seulement 19 ans, le prix Canon « Shashin shin-seiki » 写真新世紀 (« New Cosmos for Photography »), l’un des meilleurs tremplins à l’époque pour les jeunes photographes japonais.Girls Blue, publié l’année suivante, est son premier livre, réalisé à partir de certaines des images qui lui ont valu le prix Canon. Profitant de sa notoriété subite, Hiromix deviendra ensuite tour à tour mannequin, chanteuse et actrice, ce qui nuira à son image d’artiste. Elle obtiendra néanmoins le Prix Kimura Ihei en 2000, en même temps que Nagashima Yurie 長島有里枝 et Ninagawa Mika 蜷川実花.
Presqu’une star dans son pays, Hiromix (son vrai nom étant Hiromi Toshikawa) acquiert une vraie reconnaissance après qu’Araki Nobuyoshi la nomme gagnante du concours de photographie où elle présente un photo book de 36 pages composé de simples photos, tirages couleurs. Ce petit livre se nomme « Seventeen Girl Days » et il reprend une tradition au Japon: le journal de jeune fille (qu’ Araki lui-même a produit). Ce livre nous offre la vision originale d’une jeune lycéenne japonaise de 17ans, dans un style simple et cru. II est constitué de photos d’animaux, de disques, posters, fleurs, d’amis et d’autoportraits. Aujourd’hui, elle continue de publier les photos de sa vie quotidienne tout en ayant acquis une certaine renommée par ses expositions. Elle a fait une apparition dans « Lost in translation » de Sofia Coppola dont elle est l’amie.
Girls Blue, Rockin’ on, inc., 1996
Japanese Beauty, Magazine House, 1997
Hiromix, Steidl Publishers, 1998 (ISBN 3882435755)
Hiromix Works, 2000) (ISBN 4947599790)
Keita Maruyama Backstage+, 2001 (ISBN 4838713541)
Hiromix Paris ’97‐’98, 2001 (ISBN 4255001162)
Hiromix ’01, 2002 (ISBN 4947599995)
Jalal Husseini est né en 1988.
Il revient en Afghanistan après l’occupation des Talibans et rentre à la Fine Arts Faculty de la Kabul University en 2005. Il va aider les autres étudiants dans la production de films. ”In the Night Color” est son premier court métrage mais c’est avec “Angels of Earth” en 2009 qu’il débute sa carrière professionnelle. Avec des amis il fonde Jump Cut Cinematic Group qui créa une «new wave» au sein du cinéma Afghan. Il réalise le film “In the Name of Opium” en 2010. “Angels of Earth” a reçu de nombreux prix lors du “4th Kabul international short film festival” et du “TOLO TV short film festival”. “In the Name of Opium” reçu le prix du 2ème meilleur court métrage et le prix du jury au festival du court métrage pour drug en 2010 qui est tenu par AACHEN institute. In the Name of Opium and Angels of Earth ont été sélectionnés pour des festivals en India, Iran, Tajikistan.2010 Exposition collective sur Slick Art Fair et Galerie Nikki Diana Marquardt
Inspiré par Goya, Rembrandt et « le cri » d’Edvard Munch, pionnier de l’expressionisme dans la peinture moderne, Najafov est aujourd’hui comparé à Francis Bacon tant les références sont présentes dans son œuvre. Aujourd’hui à l’avant-garde de la scène artistique contemporaine en Azerbaïdjan, ses peintures et sculptures expressives sont exposées à des foires et expositions internationales prestigieuses. Fort d’une impressionnante somme de travail et d’une reconnaissance internationale croissante, Najafov fait partie intégrante d’une génération d’artistes ayant trouvé un soutien renouvelé à la scène artistique Azéri en plein essor.
• 2013 – Galerie Nikki Diana Marquardt, Paris
Gazelli Art House – « Dancing on Bones » (18 January – 7 March 2013) – London, UK
• 2012 – Philips de Pury & Company, « Fly to Baku », Contemporary art from Azerbaïdjan, London, UK
– Galerie Nikki Diana Marquardt, Paris
• 2011– Art-London. UK.
– Brissot Gallery. Paris. Franco-rus show. Paris. France
– « Terres de Pensée ». Brissot Gallery. Paris. France
– « ArtLab ». Melun. France. Paris. France
– « Avant première ». I-gallery. Paris. France
– « Down to Earth ». Gazelli Art House. London. United Kingdom
– Da-End Gallery. Paris. France
– « Illusion Parallele ». I-gallery. Paris
– Brissot Gallery. Paris
• 2010 – Le Musée d’art Contemporain de Bakou : 25 toiles choisies et accrochées à l’exposition permanente du Musée « Le corps dans l’espace suspendue », Galerie Yaradan, Bakou
– « Niyaz-Daria ». Vivienne Art Galerie. Paris. France
– «International Cite des Arts». Moscow. Russia
– Cairo International Biennale. Cairo. Egypt
– «Vision Solidaires». Brissot Gallery. Paris. France
• 2009 – Basel Art Fair , Pavilion of Azerbaijan. Basel. Switserland.
53th Venesia Biennale of Contemporary Art. Venise. Italy
Kichik Qalart, Personal exhibition. Baku. Azerbaidjan
French Embassy in Azerbaijan. Personal exhibiton. Baku. Azerbajan
Contemporary Art Museum, permanent сollection. Baku. Azerbajan
• 2008 – Singverdson Bo Gallery. Rodby. Denmark
Year of Azerbaijan in Germany, Minstry of foreigh affaires. Berlin. Germany
• 2007 – Kassel Art Fair , Kassel. Germany
5+ (Museum Center), Baku. Azerbaijan
• 2006 – U.N.O. Geneva. Swetzerland
• 2005 – Man and Woman. Museum center. Baku. Azerbaijan
• 2004 – British bar, Baku. Azerbajan
• 2004-2008 – Vitrage workshop (started to work with oil colors), Baku. Azerbaijan
• 1998 -1998 – Artificer, Baku. Azerbaijan
• 1994-1995 – Bodyguarding, Baku. Azerbaijan
• 1993-1994 – Department of the Interior hand-to-hand fight couch, Baku. Azerbaijan
• 1990-1993 – hand-to-hand fight couch, Baku. Azerbaijan
• 1988-1990 – Vitrage workshop, Baku. Azerbaijan
• 1986-1988 – Military service, Baku. Azerbaijan
• 1983 – 1986 – BTF College, Baku. AzerbaijanExpositions collectives
• 2011 – Art London (UK)
“Foreword” – Contemporary art exhibition organized by YARAT! Contemporary Art Space, Baku, Azerbaijan
« Modern works from Azerbaijan. The land of fire ». Fondation Heydar Aliyev, Hotel d’Evreux, Paris. France
• 2009 – Présentation de 27 toiles au Pavillon de l’Azerbaïdjan à la Biennale de Venise
• 2008 – « Les quatre saisons », Centre des Musées, Bakou « Le réchauffement climatique », Galerie Sigvardson, Rodby (Danemark)
• 2007 – « 5+ », Musée d’art Moderne, Kishinev (Moldavie) « Les peintre contemporains de l’Azerbaïdjan », le Musée d’art Contemporain, Kassel
• 2006 – « Le mouvement et l’espace », le Ministère de la Culture d’Azerbaïdjan, Bakou « L’autre art », exposition organisée par la Mission de l’ONU ; Genève
• 2005 – « Homme et Femme », Galerie Sattar Bahlulzade , Bakou
• 2004 – « New Circle », ACH, MoscouFrieze.com
Née à Jakarta en 1953.
Vit et travaille entre Bali et Jakarta
Astari Rasjid naît en 1953 à Jakarta en Indonésie. Ses œuvres sont profondément ancrées dans la tradition javanaise, mais elle y dépeint une société en pleines mutations, mêlant aux éléments traditionnels des objets de consommation modernes. Aujourd’hui elle vit et travaille à Jakarta et à Bali.
Elle a étudié la peinture à l’Université du Minnesota, Etats-Unis et au Royal College of Art de Londres et expose souvent ses pièces aux Etats-Unis.
Au cours des dix dernières années, l’œuvre d’Astari a mis l’accent sur une série d’autoportraits, au travers d’une quête de soi qui n’est pas liée uniquement à l’exploration des expériences personnelles et des souvenirs. Point de vue, parodies et stéréotypes sont souvent présents dans son œuvre au travers des représentations de ses histoires personnelles qui montrent les symptômes et repositionnements du soi.
Astari a peint un autoportrait à partir du portrait de Frida Kahlo. Dans ce tableau, les deux femmes échangent leurs costumes. Astari se peint dans un vêtement traditionnel mexicain et Frida Kahlo dans un vêtement traditionnel javanais.
Pour Beirut Art Fair, Astari présente une sculpture en bronze « Love void » représentant un sac de designers, un « status bag » comme on les appelle. Elle illustre, en montrant des impacts de balle, le danger et le massacre que la guerre fait subir aux femmes.
Elle expose au pavillon Indonésien à la 55ème Biennale de Venise.
1988 Painting Course, Royal College of Art, London
1987 Advanced Painting, University of Minnesota, Minnesota
1973 English Literature, University of Indonesia
Selected Solo Exhibitions
2008 His/Hers Exhibition, Vanessa Art Link 798 District, Beijing
2000 – 2001 Wings & Excursions, Ganesha Gallery, Four Seasons Resort Bali, Jimbaran, Bali
1999 – 2000 Recollections, Ganesha Gallery, Four Seasons Resort Bali, Jimbaran, Bali
Selected Group Exhibitions
Pameran Karya Sang Juara, National Gallery, Jakarta
Vue Privee, Spottiswoode Park, Singapore
Equality in Art, Asean Building, Jakarta
The Group Exhibition Re’claim, National Gallery,
Beyond the East, Macro Museum, Rome
Great Exhibition of Contemporary Sculpture Indonesia
EKSPANSI, National Gallery, Jakarta
Kartini, The Power ofWomen ln Art, Cultural Center
Koesnadi Hardjasoemantri, Yogyakarta
1001 Doors: Reinterpreting Traditions,
Ciputra World Marketing Gallery, Jakarta
Crossing and Blurring the Boundaries, National Gallery, Jakarta
No Direction Home, National Gallery, Jakarta
Faith + Reason Manila Contemporary, Pasong Tamo Extension,Brgy. Magallanes, Makati City, Philippines
Latitudes ln Transit, A Collective Sample of Mexican and Indonesian Women Artists, National Gallery, Jakarta
Self-Portrait Famous Living Artists of Indonesia, Jogja Gallery, Yogjakarta
Pameran Besar Seni Rupa Indonesia 2008
(Manifesto), National Gallery, Jakarta
The 22nd Asian International Art Exhibition, Selasar Sunaryo Art Space, Bandung
Indonesian Women Artists – The Curtain Opens and The Exhibition, National Gallery, Jakarta
FETISH Objects Art Project #1, Biasa Art Space, Kuta, Bali
Common Grounds – A Glimpse of Indonesian Contemporary Art Exhibition, National Gallery, Jakarta.
Jakarta Art Biennale 2006- BEYOND the limits and its challenges,
National Gallery, Jakarta
Self Portrait – Women Against Violence Exhibition, Kashya Hildebrand Gallery, New York.
Biennale Jogja VIII 2005 – Disini & Kini, Taman Budaya Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta
The 20th Asian International Art Exhibition, Manila.
Beauté et Expression Terroriste, Galerie Loft, Paris
The Second Beijing International Art Biennale, Beijing
Equatorial Heat, Sichuan Art Museum, China
The 18th Asian International Art Exhibition, The Museum Heritage, Hong Kong
CP Open Biennale – Interpellation, National Gallery, Jakarta
Not 1. Am I?, CP Artspace, Washington DC
Una Mirada Desde Dentro, Casa de Cantabria, Madrid…
Mason Malmuth is one of the most recognizable names in gambling for writing an incredible volume of information on applying skill to casino games. His book, Blackjack Essays, generally represents some of his earliest forays as an author and serves as a compendium of most of his contributions to the game of blackjack.
There are about 70 essays in this book dealing with a wide range of topics. Almost every one represented a new area of inquiry when it was written. Some now are well integrated into the corpus of general blackjack knowledge, some have been extended and elaborated on in other books, some represent the first foray into a still largely unexplored area, and some are still largely the last word on a particular topic.
The earliest essays in this book cover a concept Malmuth calls, “Card Domination”, which these days is more commonly called Shuffle Tracking. This is still a good introduction to the topic, although the Blackjack Forum series on Shuffle Tracking which appeared in about 1994 is far more thorough. However, I’ve recently seen shuffles which are trackable using Malmuth’s methods.
Another topic Malmuth explores in great depth is that of bankroll requirements or “Gambler’s Ruin”. Malmuth does a great job here of discussing why early blackjack literary figures probably underestimated the size of the fluctuations they would face. Of course, there was still room to explore these ideas in more detail in, for example, Blackjack Attack by Don Schlesinger. However, Malmuth’s writings on this topic are still valuable today, they’re just no longer the last word.
Malmuth provides what is probably the best currently in print description of Front Loading, good information on how to improve the profitability of casino trips, and, a Malmuth trademark, a thorough debunking of several mistaken blackjack myths perpetrated by other authors. Malmuth also provides some surprising results regarding biases, or “card clumping” that receives further attention in other books, but aptly demonstrates the author’s intellectual honesty in this volume.
On some topics, like Malmuth’s preference of shoe Slot Gacor games to hand-held games, and on his preference for more complex count systems, I disagree with the author. However, in these cases I do not fault his conclusions. Malmuth presents his case in a clear, straightforward manner listing the “pros” and “cons” of both sides of the issue and stating the reasons he believes his side of the debate is correct. By doing this he forces a reader who disagrees with him to articulate the reasons why, and, thus, does the reader a service.
Even though this book was first assembled almost 14 years ago, and some of its ideas have been expanded by other authors elsewhere, it still belongs in every serious blackjack player’s library. The ideas it espouses are, at their worst, worthy of serious consideration. I recommend it to anyone who has already learned and practiced a blackjack card counting system. Anyone who enjoyed this book should also read Gambling Theory and Other Topics, and anyone who enjoyed Gambling Theory and plays blackjack seriously should certainly read this book.
If you’ve learned and practiced a card counting system, have played in a casino, and are looking for extra advice, Blackjack Essays will likely be of considerable value. While it may not be the best supplemental book for the blackjack card counter (Blackjack Attack gets that honor), and some of its ideas are a bit dated or covered more thoroughly elsewhere, I still recommend it as a more than worthwhile addition to any serious blackjack player’s library.
Making diamond paintings is an easy and relaxing, enjoyable activity for all young and old crafters. But if you are one of diamond painting lovers, please pay attention to your health when you’re so interested in the works and stay still too long for drilling.
Although painting with diamonds has many good benefits to your health, it also comes with some unexpected problems. When you sit and making it for too long, there will be some problems to your health such as:
Back and Neck Pain
To help you prevent from getting these problems, we have found out some ways for you.
- Take hourly breaks
Every hour, get up from your desk or table and go for a quick walk anywhere. Just move. It will help you to reduce the stress to your eyes and also stretch your legs.
- Stretch or move in place
Don’t have anywhere to go? So you can stand up and stretch every half hour or so, touch your toes, walk or march in place for a few minutes.
- Set alarms on your computer or mobile device
Every hour of making diamond paintings, have a little ringer go off to remind you to take a stretch or walk to the nearest tree or neighbor’s house, or even walk/ play with your pet.
- Hit the water
Get yourself a reusable water bottle and keep it on your desk. Make yourself drink at least one full bottle before lunch, and one full one for the rest of the day. Drinking water will keep you fuller and less tempted to snack on empty calorie. More about Diamond Dotz
- Use some useful support tools
A light pad is more useful than you think! Many choices for you such as light pad A4, bigger A3, bigger A2…
Moreover, an adjustable folding table or a simple easel is amazing! Let’s see some experience shared by diamond painters.
Get yourself comfortable, grab a drink if you wish, and settle in because pai gow is probably the most difficult casino game to explain. Although the ranking of the hands is rather involved the concept of the game is quite simple. Once you get over the learning curve pai gow is a lot of fun, has a low house edge, and your money should last a long time at the table.
The Chinese have been betting on Pai Gow for centuries. Today Pai Gow can be found in casinos that attract a strong Asian clientele. It may be hard to find in Las Vegas but I believe every casino has it in Atlantic City. The Taj Majal, for example, has three pai gow tables.
If you are already familiar with pai gow poker then pai gow will seem familiar. Pai gow is played with a set of 32 dominos displayed below. Notice that some dominos appear once and some twice.
There is no significance to the color of the dots.
The object of the game is the same as in pai gow poker, to beat the banker. Unlike most casino games, in pai gow the player can have a turn to be the banker in which case the goal is to beat everybody else. The dealer also acts as a player in pai gow acting as banker in turn. When the dealer is not banking he will bet an amount equal to the bet the banker made the last time he played against the house bank. The dealer always plays his hand according to predetermined rules known as the house way. If a player wishes to bank but is uncomfortable with the financial risk of covering all other bets on the table he may ทางเข้า789bet request to co-bank with the house. If this option is selected his hand must be set according to the house way. The opportunity to bank is offered in turn to each player and dealer in a counter-clockwise direction.
The game is played with a set of 32 dominos, three dice, and a dice shaker. Play begins with all players making a wager. As the players decide how much to bet the dealer mixes up the dominos and puts them in 8 neat stacks of 4. Then the dice are rolled to determine who gets the first stack and then proceeds counter-clockwise. After the dice are exposed the player may not change his bet. Each player is given one stack of 4 dominos, which they are to arrange into two groups of two.
Each pair of dominos has a ranking. The player must decide how to arrange his dominos into the strongest possible pairs. Sometimes the choice is obvious but often a decision must be made whether to have a strong hand and a weak hand or two more balanced hands. At most there will be three possible and viable ways to play the hand. After a decision is reached the player should lay the dominos face down with the higher pair laying horizontally and the lower pair vertically. Only after all players have set their hands can the banker examine and set his dominos.
After all dominos have been arranged the banker and player will turn over their hands. Each player will in turn compare his hands to those of the banker. If the player wins both hands his bet pays even money less a 5% commission. If the player loses both he loses his entire wager. If the hands split, one win and one loss, then the bet is a push. After all bets have been settled the banker pays a 5% commission on the net win, if there was one.
How the hands are ranked is the complicated and there is no easy way to memorize the order. The highest hands are the matched pairs as follows. The highest pair, known as the supreme pair consists of the two wild dominos. Each of these wild dominos, known as “gee” may count as either 3 or 6 points if used individually. The Chinese name for the supreme pair is “Gee Joon” which is also the name of a restaurant in Binion’s Horseshoe in downtown Las Vegas.
- Supreme 2. Heaven 3. Earth 4. Man 5. Goose 6. Flower
- Long 8. Board 9. Hachet 10. Partition 11. Long
Leg 7 12. Big
Following in rank are certain non-matching pairs.
- Mixed 9 14. Mixed 8 15. Mixed 7 16. Mixed 5
Next in rank are special combinations known as Wongs. These combinations inlude either the 2 or 12 point domino and any 9 point domino.
- King of Heaven 18. King of Earth
Following the Wongs are other special combinations known as Gongs. These combinations inlude either the 2 or 12 point domino and any 8 point domino.
- Treasure of Heaven 20. Treasure of Earth
and or or and or or
Finally, if a pair, Wong, or Gong can not be formed then the hand is ranked according to the terminal digit of the total pip value of dots on the dominos. For example a hand consisting of a 12 and 7 dominos would have a total of 19 spots for the highest possible value of 9. The highest among these hands are the 6+6 and 1+1 dominos combined with a 7, known as a “high nine” because of their composition with one of the two highest individual dominos. In the event the player and banker have the same point total then the highest ranking domino in each will will be used to break the tie, the high domino wins. In the event that the high dominos are equal then the tie shall go to the banker. Note that the second highest dominos are not used to break the tie. There is an exception, in the event of a 0-0 copy then the tie will go to the banker. The following list shows every domino in order of their rank.
- Heaven 2. Earth 3. Man 4. Goose
- Flower 6. Long 7. Board 8. Hatchet
- Partition 10. Long leg 7 11. Big head 6 12. Mixed 9
- Mixed 8 14. Mixed 7 15. Mixed 5 16. Mixed 6
or or or or
Note that while the two wild dominos together are the highest ranking pair (the supreme pair) individually they are the lowest in rank.
There is no simple answer to what constitutes good strategy. Most of the time the correct play will be obvious. However sometimes the player must decide whether to weaken the high hand for the benefit of the low hand.
In his book Pai Gow Chinese Dominoes Michael J. Musante presents what is known now as the Musante house way which has influenced the house way of many casinos. Dr. John Gwynn later analyzed the effects of various strategies played against the Musante strategy. Assuming the player used the Musante strategy as well the house edge would be 0.6182% as the banker, 2.3896% as a player, and 1.5039% on average. Assuming the player used an optimal single strategy designed to defeat the Musante strategy the house edge would be -0.1387% as the banker, 1.6376% as a player, and 0.7495% on average. Assuming the player used two optimal strategies depending on whether acting as the banker or a player the house edge would be -0.1472% as the banker, 1.6225% as a player, and 0.7377% on average.
The most practical of these statistics for the novice player are those for the Musante vs. Musante. These figures also show that to minimize the overall house edge the ratio of money wagered as banker is much more important than the strategy used. Assuming the player banked half of his/her total bets and used the same strategy as the dealer and other players the house edge would be about 1.5%.
The House Way
Following is the house way for the Foxwoods casino. Of the three casino house ways I have I find this one to be the easiest to explain.
Always keep pairs together except:
Split supreme pair with 6-4, 6-5, or 6-6.
Split 2s or 12s to make 6-8 or better. Also split with 9&11.
Split 9s with any two of 2,10,12.
Split 8s with any two of 2,10,11,12. Also split with 9&11.
Split 7s with any two of 2,10,11,12.
Play 2 or 12 with a 7,8, or 9. With both a 2 and 12 play the 12 in the high hand. Play high 9 over wong and gong and gong over wong except:
Play wong over gong when fourth tile is 11.
Play wong over high 9 when fourth tile is 11.
Play gong over high 9 when fourth tile is any 4 or when third and fourth tiles are low (mixed) 8 and 5.
Make the low hand as high as possible. This includes playing the high domino in the low hand when given the choice. Exceptions:
If the low hand does not have a value of at least long 3 (a total of 3 with the long domino or higher) and a 7 or higher is possible in the high hand then make the high hand as high as possible. This includes playing the high domino in the high hand when given the choice.
If the two hands total 8-9 or more then play the high domino in the high hand.
2, 5, 6, 12: play 7, high 8.
High 8, low 8, high 4, any 7: play 2, high 5.
High 10, low 10, high 6, any 7: play 6, high 7.
High 10, low 10, high 6, low 8: play 6, high 8.
High 10, low 10, high 6, any 9: play 6, high 9.
High 10, high 8, 11, low 7: play 7, high 9.
High 4, low 4, gee (mixed 6), 5: play high 7, 9.
2 or 12, any 6, 5, gee: play 7, 9.
High 6, low 6, 11, gee: play 7, high 9.
High 8, low 8, any 7, 9: play high 5, 7.
Finally, there is an unwritten rule that you never play a hand in a way that an alternative would result in both a stronger high and low hand. For example with a pair of 12s, 6, and wild. The splitting 12s rule says to split to make 6-8 or better. However pair/9 beats 8/8 on both hand and low hands, thus overrides the pair splitting rule.
Play for Fun
Pai gow is a game that cries out for a way to practice before making a fool of yourself and blowing your money in a casino. For this reason please try my pai gow Java game.
Pai Gow Without Tears by Bill Zender. The author kindly gave me a copy of his booklet to help with my research on pai gow. If you are interested in the book it may be purchased from the Gambler’s Book Club for $20.00.
A Detailed Study of Pai Gow by Dr. John M. Gwynn, Jr. The author was gracious in sending me his study, which he no longer distributes, by e-mail.
The Foxwoods dealer, who shall remain anonymous, who provided me with the Foxwoods house way.
A child of the computer age, spanish 21 is a computer derived variation of blackjack. The term “spanish” refers to the 48-card deck used in some spanish card games. It is a regular 52-card deck with the four tens removed. Although, in most respects spanish 21 is played just like standard blackjack the basic strategy is somewhat different.
As a specially designed version of blackjack, spanish 21 had liberalized rules and unique bonuses. The casinos can be so generous in spanish 21 because removal of the four tens from the deck gives the house a large advantage. The changes in rules and payout were designed to attract jaded blackjack players and are what has made the game so popular. For instance, in standard blackjack, it is always exhilarating to hit a count of 21 on the nose. But it quickly turn into a disappointment if the dealer also hits 21 (resulting in a push instead of a win). In spanish 21, if both dealer and player have 21, the player wins.
A big reason why the casinos like spanish 21 so much is Unique Casino because it’s quick like traditional blackjack, and gives player about the same edge, while throwing off card counters. Not to mention the fact that the more liberal rules of spanish 21 attracts the players who have grown tired of blackjack.
slot machines history
The term slot machines was originally used for automatic vending machines as well as for the gambling devices, but in the 20th century the term became restricted to the latter. The first such gambling devices in the United States were mere novelties that did not return coins but presented gambling opportunities, such as two toy horses that would race after a coin was inserted. Such devices set on a bar in a saloon attracted wagering between patrons.
The first actual slot machines were built by Charles Fay in 1887 in a small machine shop in San Francisco. He built nickle slot machines by hand and rented them to the local gambling halls. His first machine was not, as some believe, cruder and bulkier than modern slot machines, nor did its reels carry the fruit symbols commonly used today. His original slot machine, called the Liberty Bell, was somewhat smaller than modern machines, and operate basically the same way.
Fay’s slot machines were a huge success, and he couldn’t build them fast enough in his small shop. Many larger gambling supply maufacturers tried to buy the manufacturing and distribution rights, but Fey refused. However, in 1907, Herbert Stephen Mills, a Chicago manufacturer of arcade-like machines, began production of a mahince very similar the Fey’s Liberty Bell. The Machine Mills produced was called the Operator Bell. By 1910, slot machines could be found in every cirt and nearly every hamlet in the country.
Forces of morality, and then of law, opposed the operation of slot machines. Throughout the 1920s, the slot machines were popular throughout much of the United States, especially in resort areas, and they continued to be popular into the Great Depression years of the ’30s. In the late 40’s Bugsy Siegel added slot machines to his Flamingo Hilton hotel in Las Vegas. Originally, the slot machines were installed as a way to entertain the wives and girlfriends of high rollers, but revenue from the slot machines soon began supplanting that of the table games. In the mid 1980’s the popularity of slot machines and table games were on par with each other, but by the 90’s slot machines had taken over and now account for over two-thirds of casino revenue in the US.…